சௌலி ஆசிரம தீக்குளிப்பு – பின்னணி மடத்தின் சொத்தா, லிங்காயத் பதவியா, கர்நாடக அரசியலா (3)

சௌலி ஆசிரம தீக்குளிப்பு – பின்னணி மடத்தின் சொத்தா, லிங்காயத் பதவியா, கர்நாடக அரசியலா (3)

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சோனியா லிங்காயத்து மடாதிபதியை சந்தித்தது (ஏப்ரல் 28, 2012) – எடியூரப்பா விலகியது: சென்ற வருடம், அதிசயமாக சோனியா லிங்காயத்து மாநாட்டில் / சித்தகங்க சுவாமி பிறந்த நாள் விழாவில் கலந்து கொண்டார்[1]. சித்தகங்க மடாதிபதி, பிஜேபியைச் சேர்ந்தவரை அழைத்திருந்தாலும், யாரும் கலந்து கொள்ளவில்லை[2]. குறிப்பாக எடியூரப்பா வரவில்லை. சோனியா கட்டாயம் வருகிறார் என்பதால் அவர் வரவில்லையா அல்லது சுவாமி சோனியா வருகிறார் அதனால் நீ வந்து தரும சங்கடத்தை ஏற்படுத்தாதே என்று ஆணையிட்டாரா அல்லது வந்தால் குட்டு வெளிப்பட்டு விடும் என்று வராமல் இருந்தாரா என்பது ஆராய்ச்சிக்குரியது. சோனியாவுடன் மேடையில் உட்கார்ந்தது பலர் கவனிக்காமல் இருந்தாலும், அரசியலின் பின்னணியை மற்றவர் கூர்ந்து கவனித்துக் கொண்டிருந்தனர்[3].

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105 வயதான சிவகுமார சுவாமி சோனியாவுடன் பேசிக் கொண்டிருந்தது[4], சோனியா தனக்கேயுரித்தான தோரணையுடன் பேசியது முதலியவற்றை பிஜேபிகாரர்களே பார்த்து பயந்து விட்டனர். ஆனால், காங்கிரஸ் மதவாத அரசியல், ஜாதிவாத அரசியல், வகுப்புவாத அரசியல், தீவிரவாத அரசியல், பயங்கரவாத அரசியல், ஊழல் அரசியல், கொலை அரசியல்,……………….என்று எல்லாவித அரசியலையும் நடத்துவதில் அறிவு, தொழிற்நுட்பம், வல்லமை, திறன்…………….எல்லாமே பெற்றுள்ளது.

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அன்று ஒரு பெண் கூட்டத்தில் சோனியாவிற்கு எதிராக கொஷமிட முற்பட்டபோது, போலீஸார், வலுக்கட்டாயமாக, வாயைப் பொத்தி, அப்புறப்படுத்தினர்[5].

Sonia attending Lingayat conference April.3

இதற்குள், இப்பொழுது, கிருத்துவ-முஸ்லீம்-தலித் அமைப்புகள் கர்நாடக ராஜ்ய வீரஐவ வேதிகே (The Karnataka Rajya Veerashaiva Vedike ) என்ற பெயரின் கீழ் இவ்வழக்கை சி.பி.ஐ விசாரிக்க வேண்டும் என்று ஆர்பாட்டம் செய்துள்ளது குறிப்பிடத்தக்கது[6]. அன்று ஒரு பெண் தலித்துகளுக்கு இடஒதுக்கீடு கேட்டபோது, அடித்து வெளியே அனுப்பினர், ஆனால், இன்று தலித்துகள் இதில் குட்டையைக் குழப்புகின்றனர்.

Sonia honoured by Lingayat - but a woman was shut down by police forcefully

கிருத்துவர் – முஸ்லீம்களுக்கு இதில் என்ன வேலை: கிருத்துவ-முஸ்லீம்-தலித் அமைப்புகள் கர்நாடக ராஜ்ய வீரஐவ வேதிகே (The Karnataka Rajya Veerashaiva Vedike ) என்ற பெயரின் கீழ் இவ்வழக்கை சி.பி.ஐ விசாரிக்க வேண்டும் என்று ஆர்பாட்டம் செய்வது[7] ஏன் என்று தெரியவில்லை. சமயம் கிடைத்துள்ளது, அதனால், இன்னொரு மடத்தை எதிர்க்கலாம், இந்துக்களுக்கு எதிராக வேலை செய்யலாம், என்று தலையிடுகின்றனரா அல்லது சோனியா போன்று அரசியல் செய்கின்றனரா என்று தெரியவில்லை. சோனியா இருப்பதால் அத்தகைய தைரியம் வந்துள்ளது என்ரும் கொள்ளலாம். கோவில் மற்றும் சுவர்க்கத்தின் கதவு[8] (Temple and Heavens Gate ) என்ற அமெரிக்கக் குழுமம் மற்றும் கொரியாவில் கும்பலோடு தற்கொலை செய்து கொண்ட கிருத்துவக் கூட்டத்துடன், மனோதத்துவ நிபுணர்கள் ஒப்பிட்டு பேச ஆரம்பித்துள்ளனர். ஒருவேளை இதனை சமன் செய்ய அப்படி திசைத் திருப்புகிறார்களா?

Sonia attending Lingayat conference Aprl 2012

என்ன, நான் சொல்வது புரிகிறதா, ஓட்டு எங்களுக்குப் போட வேண்டும்.

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சாமி, நீங்க சொல்லிட்டிங்க, நான் அழுத்துறேன், அதே மாதிரி உங்க ஜனம் தேர்தல் போது அழுத்தனும்

Sonia attending Lingayat conference April.2

அட, எதுக்கங்க, இதெல்லாம் – சரி நான் வேண்டான் என்றால், விடவா போகிறீர்கள்? சரி, சரி எனக்கு நேரமாகி விட்டது கூட்டத்திற்கு போக வேண்டும்

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ஆமாம், இதற்குதான், இந்த வேலை செய்வது

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இவங்கதான் சரி, நான் சொன்னதை கேட்டுக் கிட்டே இருப்பாங்க

பலர், பலவிதமாக பேச ஆரம்பித்துள்ளது: சம்பவம் குறித்து, முதல்வர் ஜெகதீஷ் ஷெட்டர் கூறுகையில், “”போலீஸ் விசாரணை அறிக்கை வந்த பின், உயர்மட்ட விசாரணைக்கு உத்தரவிடப்படும்,” என்றார். மாதே மகாதேவி சுவாமிகள் கூறுகையில், “”மூன்று இளம் துறவிகள் இறந்தது, எனக்கு பெரும் அதிர்ச்சியை ஏற்படுத்தியுள்ளது. அவர்கள், இம்முடிவை எடுத்திருக்கக் கூடாது. கலெக்டர், இது குறித்து தீவிர விசாரணை செய்து, உண்மை என்னவென கண்டுபிடிக்க வேண்டும்,” என்றார். பீதர் எஸ்.பி., தியாகராஜன் கூறுகையில், “”இளம் துறவிகள் தற்கொலை செய்தது குறித்து விசாரணை நடத்தப்படும். காணாமல் போன இளைய மடாதிபதியை, தேடும் பணி நடந்து வருகிறது,” என்றார். மடத்தில் அடுத்தடுத்து நடந்த, தற்கொலை சம்பவங்களால், பக்தர்கள் பெரும் அதிர்ச்சி அடைந்துள்ளனர். சௌலி மடத்தில் நடந்துள்ள சம்பவம் கொலையா? தற்கொலையா என்ற சந்தேகத்தையும் எழுப்பியுள்ளது[9].தீக்குளித்து சௌலி மடத்தின் இளைய மடாதிபதிகள் 3 பேர் உயிரிழந்துள்ளனர்[10]. இப்பொழுது மற்ற பக்தர்களும் மடத்தை அரசு நிர்வாகித்தால் நல்லது என்று கூற ஆரம்பித்துள்ளனர்[11]. மாநிலம் முழுவதும் பெரும் பரபரப்பை ஏற்படுத்தியுள்ளது[12].

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சோனியா பேசும் போது கூச்சலா, எங்கே அமுக்கு அந்த பெண்ணை.

லிங்காயத் மடங்களை சோனியா காங்கிரஸ் குறிவைத்துள்ளதா?: முன்பு எடியூரப்பா லிங்காயத் சமுதாயத்தின் ஆதரவு இருக்கிறது என்று பிஜேபிக்காரர்கள் அவரை தலைவராக்கினர், முதலமைச்சர் ஆக்கினர். அவரும், திறமையாகத்தான் செயல்பட்டு வந்தார். ஆனால், காங்கிரஸ் எப்படியாவது, பீஜேபி ஆட்சியை கவிழ்க்க வேண்டும் என்று பாடுபட்டு வந்தது. கவர்னர் பரத்வாஜ் ஒரு காலகட்டத்தில், காங்கிரஸின் கையாள் போலவே செயல்பட்டார். காங்கிரஸ் லிங்காயத் இந்துக்களைப் பிளவு படுத்தி, பிஜேபியை வலுவிழக்கச் செய்துள்ளது தெரிந்த விஷயமே. மேலும் லிங்காயத் எம்.எல்.ஏக்கள் காங்கிரஸ்காரர்களைப் பார்த்து பேசியுள்ளதும் தெரிந்த விஷயமே. கடந்த செப்டம்பரில் லிங்காயத் சமுதாயத்தைச் சேர்ந்த ஜி. பரமேஸ்வரா என்பவரை கர்நாடக காங்கிரஸ் தலைவராக்க வேண்டி, லிங்காயத் தலைவர்கள் சென்றபோது, அவர்களை சந்திக்க மறுத்தார்[13]. அதாவது, அத்தகைய நெருக்கமான சந்திப்புகள் பாதிப்பு ஏற்படுத்தும் என்று மறுத்தார் போலும், இல்லை, எடியூரப்பாவே அந்த வேலையை செய்து வரும் போது, இன்னொருவர் தேவையில்லை என்றும் நினைத்திருப்பார். ஒருவேளை, சோனியாவும், காங்கிரஸ்காரர்களும் கருணாநிதி-ஜெயலலிதா பாணியில் மடாதிபதிகளை மிரட்டி ஓட்டு சேர்க்கிறார்களா, பணத்தை கேட்கிறார்களா அல்லது அரசியல் நடத்துகிறார்களா என்பது ஒரு வருடத்தில் தெரிந்து விடும்.

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வெளியே அனுப்புங்கள் அந்த பெண்ணை – ஆமாம், அடித்து அனுப்பியுள்ளனர்.

வேதபிரகாஷ்

11-04-2013


[1] The Congress, which is ridden by factionalism in Karnataka, is hoping for a revival through Sonia Gandhi, who is on a two-day visit to the state. With just a year for the assembly elections, Sonia made the right beginning by participating in the Guruvandana programme of Shivakumara Swami, the pontiff of the Sri Siddaganga Mutt, the most powerful institution of Lingayats, the largest community in the state. Her visit is seen as a move by the Congress to woo the Lingayats, who were rallying behind former CM B.S. Yeddyurappa and the BJP for the last one decade.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2136817/Sonia-makes-poll-point-pontiffs.html#ixzz2Q9TGX71i
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[5]  A woman was beaten up by police today for showing black flag to the Congress President Sonia Gandhi in Tumkur, during the birthday celebration of Siddaganga Math head. A young woman tried to disrupt Mrs Gandhi’s speech during the ceremony. As she began her speech, the woman, seated among the audience, suddenly rose and waved a black flag demanding Scheduled Caste (SC) status for her community Madiga Dandora. The police immediately swung into action and beat her up. She was then taken away from the venue even as some of her supporters shouted slogans.

http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/woman-beaten-by-cops-after-trying-to-disrupt-sonia-gandhi-s-rally-in-karnataka-203518

[6] Members of the vedike, who along with leaders of the Karnataka Rajya Dalit Mahasabha and Christian and Muslim organisations, staged a protest here on Wednesday, alleged that attempts were being made to hush-up the incident.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/cbi-probe-sought-into-suicides-at-chowli-math/article4604721.ece

[7] Members of the vedike, who along with leaders of the Karnataka Rajya Dalit Mahasabha and Christian and Muslim organisations, staged a protest here on Wednesday, alleged that attempts were being made to hush-up the incident.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/cbi-probe-sought-into-suicides-at-chowli-math/article4604721.ece

குறிச்சொற்கள்: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

7 பதில்கள் to “சௌலி ஆசிரம தீக்குளிப்பு – பின்னணி மடத்தின் சொத்தா, லிங்காயத் பதவியா, கர்நாடக அரசியலா (3)”

  1. vedaprakash Says:

    Heaven’s Gate mass suicide in California: some early remarks
    http://www.stelling.nl/simpos/heavgate.htm

    More Heaven’s Gate links
    In March 1997, once again people found dead bodies in a house in Canada. The house belonged to a ‘New Age’ religious cult, the Order of the Solar Temple. Like this group had done before, it was both suicide by cult members, and murder of people unwilling to join them in death.

    However, on 26 March, news about a bigger collective suicide replaced this item in the media. In a luxurious mansion at Rancho Santa Fe near San Diego in California in the United States, police found 39 bodies of members of the Heaven’s Gate religious organization. Their age varied from teenager to elderly. They included an ex-Miss Rodeo, a former cowboy movie actor, and the brother of an actress in the TV series Star Trek. Some of them were castrated. This was an extreme case of negative ideas about sex, which one may find also elsewhere in occultism, like in the novel The Celestine Prophecy by James Redfield. They wore uniform clothes. After their deaths, purple shrouds covered them.

    The American ‘paranormal’ spoon-bender Uri Geller, known from TV entertainment shows in The Netherlands and elsewhere, told on CNN television that he might have been among the Heaven’s Gate dead. The cult had asked him to join. However, Geller said, though he believed in flying saucers like them, he did not join. He said he did not like the idea of giving up all his earthly possessions to Heaven’s Gate leader Marshall Herff Applewhite upon joining.

    The Heaven’s Gate members had paid for their obedience to Applewhite, Jesus reincarnate according to them, with death. Applewhite himself compared the obedience of a ‘good’ religious disciple to that of a ‘good’ dog. Applewhite had told them that he would soon die of cancer (according to the coroner’s post-mortem, he did not have cancer at all). If his devotees would follow him into death, a UFO, supposed to accompany the Hale-Bopp comet, would come and take them.

    Alan Hale, discoverer of the Hale-Bopp comet, told that Heaven’s Gate members had bought an expensive telescope. However, they returned it to the shop, saying it was defective. “Why is it defective?” the shopkeeper asked. “One cannot see the UFO with it!”

    The UFO would bring them, just before the festival of Easter, Jesus’ resurrection from death according to Christianity, to reincarnation on another planet. There, they would see Bonnie Nettles again, the movement’s co-founder, who really had died of cancer. Those who doubted were referred to the Christian Bible, book Revelation, chapter 11. In his farewell message on video, Applewhite expressed his solidarity with the cults of David Koresh and the Order of the Solar Temple. They also had been willing to follow their ‘Shepherds’, their leaders, into the hereafter.

    Heaven’s Gate: its history

    Heaven’s Gate had started in the 1970’s. Applewhite, a music teacher then, landed in a psychiatric asylum. Bonnie Nettles was his nurse there. Nettles was a prominent member of the Theosophical Society in Houston, Texas and wrote the astrology column for the local newspaper. Together, Applewhite and Nettles read The Secret Doctrine by Madame Blavatsky, the founder of Theosophy. When Heaven’s Gate started, Nettles called herself Shakti Devi. Later, Nettles and Applewhite called themselves Ti and Do. Though they were able to impress small numbers of people with their ideas, they were not good at managing large numbers. So, Heaven’s Gate stayed small. They also stayed small because the leaders kept announcing that a UFO would come to take them to heaven very soon. Some followers started to wonder why this was postponed many times.
    Applewhite and Nettles went to the state of California. This had been a special place in occult theory since Madame Blavatsky wrote that a ‘new race’ would arise there. In 1898, Katherine Tingley, leader of the American Theosophists, moved her headquarters to Point Loma, a suburb of San Diego. Tingley’s rival for Theosophical leadership, Annie Besant, later founded a headquarters in California for Krishnamurti, ‘the vehicle of the World Teacher’. Unfortunately for Besant, Krishnamurti resigned his position in 1929; he did not really believe that California was the cradle for a new race.

    However, others carried on this type of ideas. Why was California such a fertile recruiting ground for relatively big movements like Scientology, as well as small groups like Heaven’s Gate? Part of the answer may be the film industry, which is very big around Hollywood. It is an industry with many, also emotional, ups and downs. The Hollywood actor John Travolta said in an interview that he joined Scientology because of this. To some extent, other industries in California, like the computer industry, also have big fluctuations.

    The psychopath patient Marshall Applewhite ‘brainwashed’ 38 people into giving up their freedom, their rationality, their possessions, their friends, their relatives, their names (which the cult replaced with cryptic acronyms, like rkkody), and finally their lives. This was an immense tragedy for these individuals and their families.

    Religious cults: wider implications

    Heaven’s Gate was a small cult. However, it has potential implications for the study of big cults like the Scientology Church and the Church Universal and Triumphant. Both are somewhat similar to Heaven’s Gate in mixing elements of both Christian fundamentalism and occultism (especially for Scientology, I do not mean that they have especially a Christian Christology, of course). Both also believe in, for instance, supernatural space travel.
    Elizabeth Clare Prophet leads the Church Universal and Triumphant. It has tens of thousands of devotees. Ms Prophet claims she is the Living Messenger of the Great White Brotherhood, familiar from Madame Blavatsky’s works, in Darjeeling in India (does the Indian Skeptic have subscribers who are familiar with Darjeeling? I would like to hear their views on this!) Her headquarters in the United States are full of firearms. She predicted nuclear world disaster in the early 1990’s. It did not happen, as we know. She claims to lead her devotees to heaven, to the superhuman level of the Masters. In his Internet documents, Applewhite hinted that the Church Universal and Triumphant had offered him a leadership position. He wrote that he declined, preferring his own organization.

    Let us suppose that Ms Prophet gets a fatal disease, or thinks that she gets one, like Applewhite. Applewhite convinced 38 people that joining him in death was a privilege. The Order of the Solar Temple involved more people. How many devotees might want to join Elizabeth Clare Prophet in death?

    This article certainly does not claim to be the definite study on Heaven’s Gate. It is too small, and too early for that. Uri Geller said that the commotion on the suicide of Heaven’s Gate was ‘a big blow’ to the community of believers in UFOs. Let us hope Geller is right on this. Then, out of the evil of mass death, there will at least come the good that many people will start thinking a little more critically. Sometimes, this may save lives.

    by Herman de Tollenaere

    Sources: Rob Nanninga (1997), Jezus in een UFO; De Groene Amsterdammer, 16 April, p. 8-9 (longer version in Skepter)
    Various documents on the Internet, by Heaven’s Gate and others

    Originally published, in slightly different form, in the Indian Skeptic, 15 August 1997

    A different version of this article appeared as ‘Gate Suicide’ in Stars & Stripes Quarterly, [American studies review at Leiden University History Department], Fall 1997, p. 4-5

  2. vedaprakash Says:

    Math incident raises several questions by RISHIKESH BAHADUR DESAI
    http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/math-incident-raises-several-questions/article4595577.ece

    euthanasia (also includes assisted suicide) suicide

    The self-immolation of three devotees of Sri Ganeshwar Avadhoot Maharaj in the Chowli Math near Bidar on Monday raises several questions about religious institutions like maths that are worlds unto themselves, with little accountability to any overarching authority.

    Jagannath Swami (30) of Nagur in Andhra Pradesh, Eera Reddy Swami (45) of Manur in Andhra Pradesh, and Pranav Swami (16) of Chowli village, immolated themselves on the math premises on Monday. While Jagannath Swami was staying in the math for over 15 years, Eera Reddy Swami was there for nearly seven years, and Pranav Swami had left home two years ago to stay with Sri Ganeshwar Avadhoot Maharaj.

    The incident comes five weeks after what appeared to be suicide of Sri Ganeshwar Avadhoot Maharaj, the reclusive seer who founded the math. He also had left a suicide note. While the police suspect that he had consumed poison, the devotees did not file any complaint. His body was buried without a post-mortem.

    “Some inmates told us that Ganeshwar Avadhoot had spoken about mass suicide along with his followers,” said a police officer investigating the case.

    Parallels drawn

    Psychologists say parallels can be drawn between this incident and the cult suicides of the People’s Temple and Heavens Gate in the U.S. “Like physical ailments, depression is transmitted among members of groups. They spread faster in cult groups that share the same ideology or consider the same person as their spiritual leader,” said Triveni Ananthram, Assistant Professor in Psychology at Karnataka University, Dharwad. “While the general feeling of sadness after the departure of the senior seer might have been common among the group, the intense feelings of suicide can be spread among small groups,” Prof. Ananthram said.

    The math attracted a large number of devotees from Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. But its inmates remained reclusive and its activities were shrouded in mystery to outsiders, including residents of Chowli village.

    “We seldom saw the seer coming out of his room. He used to deliver weekly discourses. But that had stopped a few years back,” said Basavaraj Channappa, a resident of Chowli.

    The math was started by Shiva Kumar, a young man from Gugwad in Sangli district bordering Athani in Karnataka. He was brought to Chowli by Sangayya Swamy a police officer in 1989 or 90. Sangayya Swami was murdered in the early 90s, though the police say it was not related to the affairs of the math.

    Sri Ganeshwar Avadhoot, as he began to be called in Chowli, set up a small math on a piece of farmland donated by Omkarappa, a village resident. Locals called the seer Chowli Mutya. He was a Marathi-speaking Lingayat, but did not run the math on Basaveshwara’s ideals. It has no idols of Basaveshwara or other Sharanas. Instead, there are over 100 statues and idols of Chowli Mutya. One of the statues is over 40ft high.

    The math’s finances and influence expanded in the last decade. Land prices in Chowli shot up after 2007 when the outer ring road of Bidar passed through the village. The math’s expansion plans suffered as land prices soared and Chowli farmers refused to part with their land. This had led to a few disputes too.Some devotees lodged cases against land owners of Chowli village. For instance, devotees pressured the police to arrest a person called Basavarajappa and a few others for the alleged kidnapping of Maruti Swamy, a devotee who went missing on January 31, said Pandhari Nath, a resident of Chowli. The math has 16 branches spread across Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, and each branch is independent in its own right. “People who are complaining of police failure should realise that the devotees did not allow the police to investigate the earlier cases properly,” said a police officer.

  3. vedaprakash Says:

    10 Most Notorious Suicide Cults in History
    http://brainz.org/10-most-notorious-suicide-cults-history/

    Halloween is on its way and feeble horror tales are being dished out left, right and center. The following true stories, however, are not only filled with death and gore; they actually happened. Though often brutal and nonsensical, ritual suicide is real and has occurred throughout history. The motives behind mass suicide are varied. In ancient times and during the Dark Ages it was common for entire groups of people to commit suicide to avoid subjugation to enemy invaders, whilst in the past few centuries ritual suicide has been seen within religious offshoots and collectives who follow cults of the occult.

    10. Puputan, Bali

    Honor and pride were the pillars of ancient kingdoms throughout the world, to the point where death was preferable to subjugation. In 1906 a Balinese ritual mass suicide, known as Puputan, was committed so that its practitioners would avoid being captured and enslaved by the Dutch invaders. The Raja commanded that all valuables be burnt and that everyone from the youngest child to the wives and priests be marched ceremoniously towards the aggressors. When face to face with the Dutch regiment, the head priest thrust a dagger deep into the Raja’s heart signaling the commencement of Puputan. From here the entire group simultaneously began to kill one another while the women mockingly flung money and jewelery onto the stupefied troops. Over 1000 Balinese people committed suicide on that warm September afternoon, leaving little for the Dutch to do. Today children are taught about Puputan and the day is commemorated with make believe street reenactments.

    9. Order of the Solar Temple, Switzerland and Canada

    The Order of the Solar Temple, headquartered in Switzerland and operating in Canada as well, is the secret society that believes in the continued existence of the Knights Templar. Their aims are to establish correct notions of authority and power in the world, to prepare for the Second Coming of Jesus, and to unify the Christian and Islamic faiths. Their activities include a blend of early Protestant Christianity and New Age philosophy. For many years, murders and suicides have been associated with the cult, including the 1994 Canadian murder of a 3-month-old boy, who was ritually sacrificed because he was identified as the Anti-Christ. Then in October of the same year, 48 adults and children were found dead, shot through the head, victims of a mass suicide in a Swiss underground chapel that was found lined with items of Templar symbolism.

    8. Harakiri, Japan

    A true tale of terror involving blood, guts and gore comes in the form of the Japanese ritual suicide, known as Seppuku or Harakiri. As part of the Samurai Bushido code of honor, suicide by disembowelment was practiced to retain honor or lessen shame. The individual would take a short sword known as a tanto and plunge it into his abdomen, making an excruciatingly painful and lethal cut. Lastly, to ensure certain death the Samurai’s assistant would decapitate him. It was a common custom during battle by means of which warriors avoided death or torture by the enemy, though it was also used to punish serious offenses. Although capital punishment was abolished in 1873, voluntary Seppuku was recorded well into the 1900s – notably at the end of WWII, when numerous soldiers and civilians publicly performed Seppuku to avoid surrender. Then, in 1970 a group of rebels committed public Seppuku at the Japan Self-Defence Forces headquarters after an unsuccessful attempt to stage a coup d’etat.

    7. Sicarii Rebels, Masada, Israel

    In 60 AD, a time when spears and catapults were the weapons of war, the Roman conquest of Judea forced 960 zealot Jews to first seize and then barricade themselves atop King Herod’s fortress. The citadel, built on a rock plateau in the Judean Desert, was (and still remains) the site of ancient fortifications and palaces. The group lived there for half a decade, building homes and slowly expanding, until the Roman siege of 72 AD, when Emperor Lucius Flavius Silvius commissioned an enormous ramp with which to breach the walls of the fort and capture the rebels. Little did he know that at its summit were smoldering buildings and the rotting cadavers of those who chose death over surrender. Only two women and five children survived to tell the story of how their people had been exterminated – summed up in the words of the zealot leader, Eleazar ben Yair, in his final speech: “Let our wives be killed before they are abused, and our children before they have tasted slavery, and after we have slain them, let us bestow that glorious benefit upon one another mutually…”

    6. Jauhar, Rajput, India

    A similar story unraveled in the depths of the Indian subcontinent. Jauhar describes the practice of female mass suicide that occurred in Rajput kingdoms during Mughal times so that women could avoid capture and dishonor at the hands of enemy invaders. In the 14th century, Rani Padmini, the queen of Chittor, led all the royal ladies and their children to jump into a bonfire in order to protect themselves from the Sultan of Delhi’s lustful army. Whilst the women and children would perform self-immolation, the men (fathers, husbands and sons) would charge against the attackers, facing certain death, a practice intended to protect both the sexes’ honor. A second and third Jauhar took place in Chittor during the 16th century, which saw the obliteration of entire Rajput lineages.

    5. Self-immolation, Vietnam

    Ritual suicide is not always connected to supernatural offerings or salvationist logic as has often been the case in contemporary times. In the case of Buddhist monks in the sixties ritual suicide was a sign of protest against the Vietnam War. Thích Quang Duc fearlessly burnt himself to death in a busy Saigon road in 1963 to protest the persecution of Buddhists by South Vietnam’s administration. Despite being revered as a Bodhisattva (a being that has attained Nirvana) by the world’s Buddhist communities, the government repudiated the action and punished the monks further, many of whom followed Thích Quang Duc’s example by performing self-immolation in public places. Although self-harm is prohibited in the Buddhist religion, self-immolation was perceived as a selfless action by the monks – an act that spread the light of the Dharma and opened the eyes of those around them.

    4. Heaven’s Gate, San Diego, California

    This next entry is a real life story of horror meets UFO sci-fi, for the 1970s Heaven’s Gate cult based their belief system on a combination of Christian ideas of the apocalypse and elements of science fiction. If their ideas were to be believed, planet Earth was due to be wiped clean by supernatural forces, and the only path to salvation was to escape to the “Next Level”. According to founder Marshall Applewhite, this escape could be achieved through an ascetic existence, which meant detachment from family, friends, jobs, possessions and other trappings of modern existence. In 1997, however, Applewhite announced a fast-track route to the Next Level: boarding a spacecraft that was trailing the comet Hale-Bopp. On March 26th, when the comet was at its brightest, Applewhite and 38 of his followers committed suicide in order to abandon their terrestrial forms and gain access to the UFO.

    3. The Branch Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists, Waco, Texas

    The “Branch” is (for it still survives) a Protestant sect born in 1959 during a schism with the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, when Florence Houteff announced the Second Coming of Jesus on the summit of a hilltop in Texas. Following the failure of this prophecy, a number of “Prophets” took center stage, the most prominent being Vernon Howell (later renamed David Koresh), who indoctrinated the group into believing that he alone had the responsibility and authorization to prophesize and reproduce the “House of David”. In 1994, after allegations of illegal firearm ownership and child abuse, the ATF obtained a warrant to search the premises; but their offensive strategy was met with barricades and gunfire. After many days of fighting, the FBI was afraid of mass suicides and tried to corner the followers with tear gas. However the compound was set on fire from within, killing 80 people. Whether this was mass suicide or an FBI cover-up remains unclear.

    2. Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, Uganda

    The MRTC were an apocalyptic Catholic offshoot established in the 1980s after an alleged vision of the Virgin Mary, ordering strict obedience to the Ten Commandments. The sect members spoke very little and sometimes adopted sign language to avoid bearing false witness to their neighbor, they prohibited sex to avoid adultery, and they implemented bi-weekly fasting. As the supposed year of the apocalypse drew near, daily confession was encouraged, the sell-off of possessions was enforced, and work in the fields ceased. However, when ‘Judgment Day’ failed to occur the followers began to question their leaders’ authenticity, and so a second doomsday was announced for March 17th, whereby all the 1000 followers, adults and children were invited to celebrate their imminent salvation. Little did they know this would culminate in self-immolation and poisoning.

    1. People’s Temple Jonestown Massacre, Guyana

    This frightening tale of mass suicide was carried out by members of the People’s Temple, a cult born in the 1950s with the supposed objective of practicing Apostolic Socialism. In the 1970s a Caribbean missionary post was established in Guyana; “Jonestown” was allegedly a benevolent communist community and sanctuary for racial and social equality headed by leader and self-styled prophet Jim Jones. However Jones, claiming to be the Messiah, applied mind-control strategies to brainwash the sect and receive full and incontestable devotion; implemented torture holes to solve disciplinary matters (for both adults and children); and had sexual control over women and children.

    In November 1978, strange disappearances began to occur, including the murder of inspecting California Congressman Leo Ryan and a number of fugitives from the ‘camp’. Afraid of American retaliation, Jones brainwashed his 912 followers into preserving the People’s Temple for eternity by committing the ultimate sacrifice. Poisoning themselves, they thus participated to the largest mass suicide in modern history.

  4. vedaprakash Says:

    Top 10 Cults
    September 15, 2007
    http://listverse.com/2007/09/15/top-10-cults/

    Cult roughly refers to a cohesive social group devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture considers outside the mainstream, with a notably positive or negative popular perception. Many cults are destructive or suicidal though others, whilst being controversial, do not commit extreme acts. This is a list of the top ten cults. In no particular order:

    1. Church of Bible Understanding

    Stewart Traill

    The Church of Bible Understanding (formerly known as the Forever Family) is a destructive cult started in 1971 by former atheist and vacuum repairman Stewart Traill in Allentown, Pennsylvania. The cult targeted teens as young as 13 by drawing on their weaknesses. Throughout the 1970s, the cult expanded to many other parts of the United States.

    Traill, born in Quebec in 1936 is the son of a Presbyterian minister, who teaches that he is the reincarnation of Elijah, and that he knows the date of the return of Christ. Members of the cult live in a commune and donate 90% of their income to the cult. Traill amassed a fortune and owns four planes and a half million dollar mansion. According to former members, Traill controls every aspect of members’ lives through harsh criticism, shame, and public humiliation.

    Ron Burkes, a staff member at a residential treatment center for former cult members says this:

    “[Traill] has one of most effective means of shutting down critical thinking I’ve ever seen. Of the hundreds of people I’ve treated, COBU is definitely in the top five in terms of harm and psychological damage.”

    The cult also runs a mission in Haiti, where some former members claim Haitian children are indoctrinated in exchange for food and clothing. According to an article originally appearing in the Manassas Journal Messenger, COBU receives government funds for its Haiti Mission as part of President Bush’s Faith Based Initiative.

    Play / Download audio of Stewart Traill

    2. Manson Family

    The Manson Family was a cult started by Charles Manson. Manson was born to Kathleen Maddox, an unwed sixteen year old girl, in 1934. It is said that his mother, an alcoholic, sold him to buy beer. When he was returned to her she had him sent to a boarding school. After a number of years living with his religious aunt and uncle, he returned to his mother who rejected him. After a number of robberies, he was put in jail for the first time. One month before his parole hearing in 1952, he raped a boy in jail by holding a razor to his throat. Two years later he was paroled. Manson began to pimp a young woman he met and eventually took her, and a second woman to New Mexico to work for him as prostitutes. He was caught and tried under the Mann Act (a 1910 act that prohibited white slavery and trafficking for immoral means).

    In 1967 he was released (having spent more than half of his life in institutions). Upon release, he requested permission to move to San Francisco which was granted. When he arrived he became part of the Hippie movement centered around the Haight-Ashbury region and he set himself up as a guru. He moved in with 23 year old student Mary Brunner and convinced her to allow other women to join them. Eventually eighteen other women were living with them – this was the beginning of the family.

    By 1968, Manson had established a home for the “family” at a ranch owned by George Spahn. Manson convinced one of the family members, Lynette Fromme, to sleep with Spahn in order to get free rent. Manson began teaching his followers that social uprisings were coming – using the assassination of Martin Luther King as evidence. He also told them that the social turmoil he had been predicting had also been predicted by The Beatles. The White Album songs, he declared, told it all, although in code; in fact, he maintained, the album was directed at the Family itself, an elect group that was being instructed to preserve the worthy from the impending disaster.

    In 1969, on August 8, Manson told Family members at Spahn Ranch, “now is the time for Helter Skelter.” That evening the family, under the direction of Manson, would commit the famous murder of Sharon Tate, leading to other murders over the two day period.

    3. Aum Shinrikyo

    Aum Shinrikyo, is a Japanese religious group founded by Shoko Asahara. The group gained international notoriety in 1995, when it carried out a Sarin gas attack in the Tokyo subways. In 2000 the organization changed its name to “Aleph” (the first letter of the Hebrew and Arabic alphabet), changing its logo as well. In 1995 the group had 9,000 members in Japan, and as many as 40,000 worldwide. As of 2004 Aum Shinrikyo/Aleph membership was estimated at 1,500 to 2,000 people.

    The movement was founded by Shoko Asahara in his one-bedroom apartment in Tokyo’s Shibuya ward in 1984, starting off as a Yoga and meditation class known as Aum-no-kai and steadily grew in the following years. It gained the official status as a religious organization in 1989. It attracted such a considerable number of young graduates from Japan’s elite universities that it was dubbed a “religion for the elite”. Aum’s PR activities included publishing. In Japan, where comics and animated cartoons enjoy unprecedented popularity among all ages, Aum attempted to tie religious ideas to popular anime and manga themes – space missions, extremely powerful weapons, world conspiracies and conquest for ultimate truth.

    Aum Shinrikyo had started as a quiet group of people interested in yogic meditation, but later transformed into a very different organization. According to Asahara, he needed “to demonstrate charisma” to attract the modern audience. Following his decision, Aum underwent a radical image change. The rebranded Aum looked less like an elite meditation boutique and more like an organization attractive to a broader, larger population group. Public interviews, bold controversial statements, and vicious opposition to critique were incorporated into the religion’s PR style. The cult started attracting controversy in the late 1980s with accusations of deception of recruits, and of holding cult members against their will and forcing members to donate money. A murder of a cult member who tried to leave is now known to have taken place in February 1989.

    At the end of 1993 the cult started secretly manufacturing the nerve agent sarin and later VX gas. They also attempted to manufacture 1000 automatic rifles but only managed to make one. Aum tested their sarin on sheep at a remote ranch in Western Australia, killing 29 sheep. Both sarin and VX were then used in several assassinations (and attempts) over 1994-1995. Most notably on the night of 27th June 1994, the cult carried out the world’s first use of chemical weapons in a terrorist attack against civilians when they released sarin in the central Japanese city of Matsumoto. This Matsumoto incident killed seven and harmed 200 more. However, police investigations focused only on an innocent local resident and failed to implicate the cult. 11 cult members have been sentenced to death, although none of the sentences have been carried out, nor the time and date for the executions to take effect has been publicly established.

    4. Restoration of the 10 Commandments

    The full name of this cult is the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God. The Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God was a breakaway group from the Roman Catholic Church that formed in Uganda in the late 1980s. As the name implies the group strongly emphasized the Ten Commandments. This emphasis meant they even discouraged talking: out of fear of breaking the commandment about giving false witness. They also believed that their strict adherence to the Ten Commandments would be advantageous after the apocalypse.

    This proved significant as the group had a strong emphasis on the apocalypse, highlighted by their booklet A Timely Message from Heaven: The End of the Present Time. New members were required to study it and be trained in it, reading it as many as six times. They also taught that Mother Mary had a special role in the apocalypse, and communicated to the leadership. They saw themselves as like Noah’s Ark, a ship of righteousness in a sea of depravity.

    The group tended to be secretive and as mentioned above, was literally silent. Therefore it was relatively unknown to the outside world until 2000, although in 1998 the school they ran was sanctioned by the government due to unsanitary conditions and violation of child labor statutes.

    In March of 2000, around 300 followers died in a fire in what is considered a cult suicide. Investigations conducted after the fire discovered mass graves, raising the death toll to over 1,000. This may mean it was larger than the Jonestown murder/suicide in 1978, but some speculate the death toll was around 800. There are also allegations that the event was more of a mass murder by the leadership.

    5. Raëlism

    Founder, Claude Vorilhon (right)

    Raëlism or Raelian Church is a UFO religion founded by a purported contactee named Claude Vorilhon, who is known recently for supporting Clonaid’s claim that an American woman underwent a standard cloning procedure, which led to the birth of her new daughter Eve in December 26, 2002. National authorities, mainstream media, and young adults have increasingly investigated the church’s activities as a result of controversial statements by Clonaid’s head Brigitte Boisselier the day after.

    Members of the Raëlian Church consist of people who have been baptized by Raëlian clergy in quarterly ceremonies, and among the converts are members of Raëlian-founded free love groups such as the Order of Angels and Raël’s Girls. The organization—which preaches a sensual philosophy and a physicalist explanation of the origin of life—could have as many as sixty-five thousand members.

    Raëlians emphasize secular and hedonistic ideas, rather than worshiping a supreme metaphysical deity.[30] The Raëlian Church members follow a UFO religion that favors a strong version of physicalism – the belief that everything consists only of physical properties. Raëlians deny the existence of the ethereal soul and a supernatural god, and believe that the mind is a function of matter alone. This ties into their belief that mind transfer is possible and that it will be possible to create an identical human clone in terms of mind and personality—as long as the clone and the original are not alive at the same time.

    Play / Download Vorilhon Singing

    6. Scientology

    The Church of Scientology is a cult created by L Ron Hubbard (Elron) in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system called Dianetics. Scientology and the organizations that promote it have remained highly controversial since their inception. Journalists, courts and the governing bodies of several countries have stated that the Church of Scientology is an unscrupulous commercial enterprise that harasses its critics and abuses the trust of its members. Journalists, governments, religious groups and other critics worldwide have often referred to the organization as a cult.

    Reports and allegations have been made, by journalists, courts, and governmental bodies of several countries, that the Church of Scientology is an unscrupulous commercial enterprise that harasses its critics and brutally exploits its members. In some cases of US litigation against the Church, former Scientologists were paid as expert witnesses and have since stated that they submitted false and inflammatory declarations, intended to be carried in the media to incite prejudice against Scientology, and deliberately harassed key Scientology executives, by knowingly advancing unfounded opinions, either to get a case dropped or to obtain a large settlement.

    Although Scientologists are usually free to practice their beliefs, the organized church has often encountered opposition due to their strong-arm tactics, directed against critics and members wishing to leave the organization.

    7. Order of the Solar Temple

    Joseph Di Mambro

    The Order of the Solar Temple also known as Ordre du Temple Solaire (OTS) in French, and the International Chivalric Organization of the Solar Tradition or simply as The Solar Temple was a secret society based upon the new age myth of the continuing existence of the Knights Templar. OTS was started by Joseph Di Mambro and Luc Jouret in 1984 in Geneva as l’Ordre International Chevaleresque de Tradition Solaire (OICTS) and renamed Ordre du Temple Solaire. It is believed that other members were also involved who have remained unknown to the public.

    In October 1994 Tony Dutoit’s infant son (Emmanuel Dutoit), aged three months, was killed at the group’s centre in Morin Heights, Quebec. The baby had been stabbed repeatedly with a wooden stake. It is believed that Di Mambro ordered the murder, because he identified the baby as the Anti-Christ described in the Bible. He believed that the Anti-Christ was born into the order to prevent Di Mambro from succeeding in his spiritual aim.

    A few days later, Di Mambro and twelve followers performed a ritual Last Supper. A few days after that, apparent mass suicides and murders were conducted at two villages in Switzerland, and at Morin Heights — 15 inner circle members committed suicide with poison, 30 were killed by bullets or smothering, and 8 others were killed by other causes. Many of the bodies when found were drugged, possibly to prevent the members from objecting. The buildings were then set on fire by timer devices, purportedly as one last symbol of the group’s purification.

    In western Switzerland, 48 members of a sect died in another apparent mass murder-suicide. Many of the victims were found in a secret underground chapel lined with mirrors and other items of Templar symbolism. The bodies were dressed in the order’s ceremonial robes and were in a circle, feet together, heads outward, most with plastic bags tied over their heads; they had each been shot in the head. It is believed that the plastic bags were a symbol of the ecological disaster that would befall the human race after the OTS members moved on to Sirius.

    A mayor, a journalist, a civil servant and a sales manager were found among the dead in Switzerland. Records seized by the Quebec police showed that some members had personally donated over $1 million to the cult’s leader Joseph Di Mambro. There was also another attempted mass suicide of the remaining members which was thwarted in the late 1990s. It is believed that The Solar Temple group continues to exist, with thirty surviving members in Quebec at the St-Anne-de-la-Pérade center, with from 140 to 500 members remaining worldwide.

    8. Heaven’s Gate

    Heaven’s Gate is a destructive, doomsday cult centered in California. 21 women and 18 men voluntarily committed suicide in three groups on three successive days starting on March 23, 1997. Most were in their 40′s; the rest covered an age range of 26 to 72. Two months later, two additional members, Charles Humphrey and Wayne Cooke attempted suicide in a hotel room a few miles from the Rancho Santa Fe mansion; Cooke succeeded. Humphrey tried again in the Arizona desert during Feb 1998 and was successful.

    They followed a syncretistic religion, combining elements of Christianity with unusual beliefs about the nature of UFOs. They interpreted passages from the four gospels and the book Revelation as referring to UFO visitation. In particular, they emphasized a story in Revelation which described two witnesses who are killed, remained dead for 3 1/2 days, were revived and taken up into the clouds. They look upon earth as being in the control of evil forces, and perceived themselves as being among the elite who would attain heaven. They held a profoundly dualistic belief of the soul as being a superior entity which is only housed temporarily in a body. Applewhite said that bodies were only “the temporary containers of the soul…The final act of metamorphosis or separation from the human kingdom is the ‘disconnect’ or separation from the human physical container or body in order to be released from the human environment.”

    Members called themselves brother and sister; they looked upon themselves as monks and nuns; they lived communally in a large, rented San Diego County (CA) home which they called their monastery. Most members had little contact with their families of origin or with their neighbors. Many followed successful professional careers before entering the group. Some abandoned their children before joining. They were free to leave at any time. They dressed in unisex garments: shapeless black shirts with Mandarin collars, and black pants. They were required commit themselves to a celibate life. Eight of the male members, including Do, submitted to voluntary castration. This seems to have been a form of preparation for their next level of existence: in a life that would be free of gender, sexual identity and sexual activity.

    Thirty-eight group members, plus Applewhite, the group’s leader, were found dead in a rented mansion in the upscale San Diego community of Rancho Santa Fe, California, on March 26, 1997. The mass death of the Heaven’s Gate group is said to be one of the most widely-known examples of cult suicide. In preparing to kill themselves, members of the group drank citrus juices to ritually cleanse their bodies of impurities. The suicide was accomplished by ingestion of phenobarbital mixed with vodka, along with plastic bags secured around their heads to induce asphyxiation. They were found lying neatly in their own bunk beds, with their faces and torsos covered by a square, purple cloth. Each member carried five dollar bills and a few quarters in their wallets. All 39 were dressed in identical black shirts and sweat pants, brand new black-and-white Nike tennis shoes, and armband patches reading “Heaven’s Gate Away Team”. The suicides were conducted in shifts, and the remaining members of the group cleaned up after each prior group’s death.

    9. Branch Davidians

    The Branch Davidians are a religious sect who originated from a schism in 1955 from the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists, themselves former members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church who were disfellowshipped during the 1930s. From its inception in the 1930s, the splinter movement inherited Adventism’s apocalypticism, in that they believed themselves to be living in a time when Christian prophecies of a final divine judgment were coming to pass. They are best known for the 1993 siege of their Center near Waco, Texas, by the ATF and the FBI, which resulted in the deaths of eighty-two of the church’s members, including head figure David Koresh. However, by the time of the siege, Koresh had encouraged his followers to think of themselves as “students of the Seven Seals” rather than as “Branch Davidians,” and other Branch Davidian factions never accepted his leadership.

    Some former members of Koresh’s group alleged that he practiced polygamy with underage brides, physically abused children, and stockpiled illegal weapons, legal authorities investigated these charges. On February 28, 1993, the U.S. Treasury Department’s Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) conducted a raid on Mount Carmel, a property of the Davidians. The raid resulted in the deaths of six Davidians and four ATF agents after a firefight broke out. Following this confrontation, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) laid siege to Mount Carmel for 51 days, during which time the FBI and ATF conducted around-the-clock operations including psychological warfare (psyops) on the occupants of the complex.

    The government’s siege on the Branch Davidians ended on April 19 when federal agents released CS tear gas into the compound. During the assault, several fires broke out and spread quickly through the buildings, killing approximately 79 Branch Davidians, 21 of whom were children. Autopsies confirmed that many of the victims, including David Koresh, had died of single gunshot wounds to their heads.

    The government put some of the survivors on trial. All were acquitted of conspiring to murder federal agents but some were convicted of aiding and abetting voluntary manslaughter.

    10. Unification Church

    The Unification Church (Mooneyism) is a new religious movement started by Sun Myung Moon in Korea in the 1940s. The beliefs of the church are explained in the book Divine Principle and draw from the Bible as well as Asian traditions and include belief in a universal God; in the creation of a literal Kingdom of Heaven on earth; in the universal salvation of all people, good and evil as well as living and dead; that Jesus did not come to die; and that the Lord of the Second Coming must be a man born in Korea early in the 20th century who must marry and have children.

    In the United States in the 1970s, the media reported on the high-pressure recruitment methods of Unificationists and said that the church separated vulnerable college students from their families through the use of brainwashing or mind control. Moon dismissed these criticisms, stating in 1976 that he had received many thank-you letters from parents whose children became closer to them after joining the movement. Moon and his wife were banned from entry into Germany and the other 14 Schengen treaty countries, on the grounds that they are leaders of a sect that endangered the personal and social development of young people. The Netherlands and a few other Schengen states let Moon and his wife enter their countries in 2005. In 2006 the German Supreme Court overturned the ban.

    In 1993, Chung Hwa Pak released the book Roku Maria no Higeki (Tragedy of the Six Marys) through the Koyu Publishing Co. of Japan. The book contained allegations that Moon conducted sex rituals amongst six married female disciples (“The Six Marys”) who were to have prepared the way for the virgin who would marry Moon and become the True Mother. Chung Hwa Pak had left the movement when the book was published and later withdrew the book from print when he rejoined the Unification Church. Before his death Chung Hwa Pak published a second book, The Apostate, and recanted all allegations made in Roku Maria no Higeki.

    Bonus. Jonestown

    On 18 November 1978, more than 900 people died in the largest mass murder/suicide in American history. Most of the deaths occurred in a jungle encampment in Guyana, South America, where members of a group called Peoples Temple lived in a utopian community and agricultural project known as Jonestown. Most died after drinking a fruit punch laced with cyanide and tranquilizers, although some may have been injected; two residents died of gunshot wounds. Earlier that day a few other residents of the group had assassinated a U.S. congressman along with three members of the media and a departing Jonestown resident. And in Guyana’s capital city of Georgetown, yet another member of the group killed her three children and then herself after receiving word of the deaths in Jonestown. In all, 918 Americans lost their lives that day.

    Since that time, Jonestown and its leader Jim Jones have entered American discourse as code for the dangers of cults and cult leaders. The expression “drinking the Kool-Aid”—which means both blindly jumping on the bandwagon, and being a team player—is one manifestation of this. The story of Jonestown, and of its parent organization Peoples Temple, however, is more complicated than sound-bites comparing strict parents to Jim Jones, or pundits relating religious violence (such as the suicide air strikes of 11 September 2001) to Jonestown. Instead, Jonestown serves as a lesson in how a combination of media, government, and citizens can create a climate of persecution and fear. It also provides an example of how uncritical acceptance of the status quo and social and geographic isolation can lead to violence and even death.

    Notable Exclusions: The Children of God, Mormonism, Jevhovah’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists

  5. vedaprakash Says:

    1978: Mass suicide leaves 900 dead
    The bodies of 914 people, including 276 children, have been found in Guyana in South America.

    Most of the dead – members of the People’s Temple Christian Church – had consumed a soft drink laced with cyanide and sedatives.

    However, the body of the People’s Temple charismatic leader, Jim Jones, was said to have a bullet wound in the right temple, believed to be self-inflicted.

    The deaths are being linked to the earlier killings of five people, including US Congressman Leo Ryan, on a nearby airstrip.

    Mr Ryan had led a fact-finding mission to the church’s jungle settlement – Jonestown – after allegations by relatives in the US of human rights abuses.

    Last year Jim Jones and most of the 1,000 members of the People’s Temple moved to Guyana from San Francisco after an investigation began into the church for tax evasion.

    People who had left the organisation told the authorities of brutal beatings, murders and a mass suicide plan but were not believed.

    In spite of the tax evasion allegations, Jim Jones was still widely respected for setting up a racially-mixed church which helped the disadvantaged.

    Five dead at airport

    Leo Ryan’s delegation arrived in Jonestown on 14 November and spent three days interviewing residents.

    They left hurriedly earlier on Saturday after an attempt on Mr Ryan’s life, taking with them about 20 People’s Temple members who wished to leave.

    Delegation members told police as they were boarding planes at the airstrip a truckload of Jim Jones’ guards arrived and began to shoot.

    When the gunmen left five people were dead: Congressman Ryan, a reporter and cameraman from NBC, a newspaper photographer and one “defector” from the People’s Temple.

    A producer for NBC News, Bob Flick, survived the attack.
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/18/newsid_2540000/2540209.stm

    Mr Flick said: “Every time someone fell down wounded they would walk over and shoot them in the head with a shotgun.”

  6. M. K. Mahalakshmi Says:

    ஒரு தலித் பெண்ணை இப்படி நடத்தியவர்கள் தாம், இன்று தலித்துகளுக்காக பாடுபடுகிறோம் என்று நாடகம் ஆடி வருகின்றனர்.

    தலித் லீடர்கள் என்று சொல்ல்லிக் கொள்பவர்களும், குறிப்பிட்ட கட்சியிடம் பணத்தை வாங்கிக் கொண்டு சும்மா இருந்து விடுகிறார்கள்.

    பிரச்சினைகள் தொடர்கின்றன; அரசியல் தொடர்கிறது;

  7. L. K. Raghuraman Says:

    கர்நாடக பேரவைத் தேர்தல்: மன்மோகன், சோனியா, ராகுல் பிரசார திட்டம்
    By dn, பெங்களூர்
    First Published : 15 April 2013 04:48 AM IST
    http://dinamani.com/india/2013/04/15/%E0%AE%95%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A8%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%9F%E0%AE%95-%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%87%E0%AE%B0%E0%AE%B5%E0%AF%88%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%8D-%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%87%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D-%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%A9%E0%AF%8D/article1545456.ece

    கர்நாடக சட்டப்பேரவைத் தேர்தலில் காங்கிரஸ் வேட்பாளர்களை ஆதரித்து அந்தக் கட்சியின் தலைவர் சோனியா காந்தி, பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங், துணைத் தலைவர் ராகுல் காந்தி ஆகியோர் பிரசாரம் செய்ய உள்ளனர்.

    இதுகுறித்து கர்நாடக மாநில காங்கிரஸ் தலைவர் ஜி.பரமேஸ்வர் பெங்களூரில் செய்தியாளர்களிடம் ஞாயிற்றுக்கிழமை கூறியது:

    மே 5ஆம் தேதி தேர்தல் நடைபெற உள்ளது. ஏப்ரல் 23ஆம் தேதி முதல் 10 நாள்களுக்கு இந்தத் தலைவர்கள் பிரசாரம் செய்கின்றனர்.

    ஏப்ரல் 29ஆம் தேதி ஹூப்ளி – தார்வாட், பெங்களூரில் நடைபெறும் கூட்டங்களில் பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங் பங்கேற்பார். ஏப்ரல் 23ஆம் தேதி முதல் பெல்லாரி, ராய்ச்சூர், பிஜாப்பூரிலும், 28ஆம் தேதி கோலார், தும்கூர், ஹாவேரியிலும், மே 1ஆம் தேதி மண்டியா, ஹாசன், ஷிமோகாவிலும் ராகுல் காந்தி பிரசாரத்தில் ஈடுபடுவார்.

    மங்களூர், சிக்மகளூரில் ஏப்ரல் 26ஆம் தேதி நடைபெறும் தேர்தல் பிரசார கூட்டங்களில் சோனியா காந்தி கலந்து கொள்வார்.

    இதுதவிர 30ஆம் தேதி குல்பர்கா, பெல்காம், மே 2ஆம் தேதி மைசூர், பெங்களூரிலும் சோனியா பிரசாரம் செய்வார் என்றார் அவ

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