Krishna is missing in Dasavatara, replaced by Buddha!

Krishna is missing in Dasavatara, replaced by Buddha!

Recently, one of my friends who has been a stamp collector pointed out that in the Dasavatara stamps issued, Krishna is missing. Then when I checked up with newspapers, there have been reports appearing.

Commemorative stamp on Jayadev released[1] : With the Department of Posts releasing the commemorative stamps on Orissa’s 12th century saint-poet Jayadev and his Geet Govind in Orissa, the controversy over the poet’s birth place was laid to rest. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik felt this while addressing the release ceremony at Jayadev Bhawan here on Monday (03-08-2009). The postal department released 11 stamps — one on Jayadev and the rest on the 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu (the dasavatara) as described in the Geet Govind. Each stamp worth Rs.5. The event, hosted in Orissa’s State capital, assumes much significance since West Bengal was claimed as the poet’s birth place for long. Researchers in Orissa have already proved that the poet was born here.

Stamp release function
SPECIAL OCCASION: Post Master General Yasodhara Menon (left) and Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the release of the saint poet Jayadev and Geet Govind memorial postage stamps in Bhubaneswar on Monday.

Sacred service:  The department performed a sacred service to the nation by bringing out stamps on the life and works of one of India’s greatest poets who has major influence on Indian culture, opined Chief Post Master General of Orissa Circle Yasodhara Menon. Among others Chief Secretary Ajit Kumar Tripathy, Development Commissioner Tarunkanti Mishra, parliamentarian Prasanna Kumar Patsani, Information and Public Relations Minister Prafulla Samal, legislator for Jayadev constituency Arabinda Dhali and I&PR Commissioner R.N.Dash were present on the occasion. An exhibition of photographs of the patta paintings and palm leaf engravings on Geet Govind belonging to 19th century was mounted at the venue by the Orissa State Museum while the State-owned Odissi Research Centre staged an Odissi dance recital on Geet Govind.

Controversy over the birth place of Jayadeva? Adding more fuel to a controversy over Jayadev’s birthplace, the central department of posts today released a commemorative stamp on the 12th Century poet in Bhubaneswar[2]. The origin of the poet has remained controversial with both Orissa and Bengal staking a claim on the man. Oriya scholars claim that Jayadev’s compositions were penned in Puri and that archaeological discoveries establish his extended presence in Orissa. In addition, at Kenduli Sasan village of Orissa Jayadev is worshiped. Meanwhile, Bengali scholars believe that Kendubilva village in Birbhum is the original Kenduli village (where he was born) mentioned by Jayadev. “Today is a proud day for Orissa. The stamp is a clear acknowledgement by the Centre that Jayadev was an Orissa citizen,’’ said chief secretary Ajit Kumar Tripathy at the stamp release. In 2007, the Orissa government had sought a stamp on Jayadev to the department of posts, a proposal that took two years to get fulfiled, said a trustee of the Jayadev Foundation, Pradulla Tripathy. Chief post master-general of Orissa Circle Indira Krishnakumar had sent the proposal in January 2007, after successfully releasing a special cover on the poet.

The released stamps have been as follows:

Macha Kurma Varaha
Narasimha Vamana Parasuma

Up to this, the order is OK.

Rama Balarama Buddha

Here, instead of Krishna, Buddha is there.

Of course, Buddha has been there very much in Jayadeva Astapati.

But missing of Krishna is questionable.

Moreover the depiction of Buddha in negative portrayal raises my friend’s doubt of manipulsation.

Buddha

Here, Buddha is in preahing posture. Two persons with bent-swords ready to cut a goat standing there. One of them has been with tuft pointing that he is Brahmin. Sacred fire is also there, thus, implying for yagnas, goats are sacrificed. This is really miscevous. One of the main reason for its disappearance has been that the Buddhists followed violent methods including eating non-vegetarian food. This only, exposed their preaching of non-violence.

Jayadeva is known for his Krishna bakti and his Astapati has been famous, as it has sung by M. S. Subbulakshmi, Gantashala and others. However, the missing of Krishnavatara has been intriguing. When eleven stamps could be issued including the poet, Jayadeva, one more could have been added for Krishna. But the conspicuous absence proves the role played by the persons behind. My friend points out that the designers have been Marxist oriented and they try to secularize the Indian tradition etc. He pointed out that earlier, Kabirdas stamp was issued with peacock feather adoring his head and a namam on his forehead. But in the later stamp issued, both have been missing. Thus, he says that “Krishnavatara” has been purposely removed.

Moreover, he points out that the “Dasavarata” order has not been followed: Macha-Kurma-Varaha-Narasimha-Vamana-Parasurama-Rama-Balarama-Krishna-Kalki: both in the miniature form and strip form.

Vedaprakash

07-08-2009


[1] The Hindu, July 28, 2009. For details, see at: http://www.hindu.com/2009/07/28/stories/2009072852830300.htm

[2] The Telegraph, Calcutta dated 28-07-2009: for details, see at:

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1090728/jsp/nation/story_11288775.jsp

5 பதில்கள் to “Krishna is missing in Dasavatara, replaced by Buddha!”

  1. jayasree Saranathan Says:

    Sri Vedaprakashji,

    Jaya deva’s Ashta pathi does not include Krishna’s name as an avatar. Instead he sees Krishna as the Supreme One who appears as 10 avatars that include Buddha as the 9th Avatar.

    The stamps show the series in which Jayadeva has sung about the Avatars. But absence of Krishna (Kesava) throughout the depiction in stamps is against the theme of this rendition by Jayadeva. Depiction of Dasavathara strictly on Jayadeva’s verses must have Krishna as the Major figure in all stamps – appearing as each avatara. The series does not do justice to the theme of Ashtapathi. The stamps can be withdrawn and re-done.

    Two mistakes I noted are that Parasurama and Balarama look similar and the last avatar Kalki is missing.

    Depiction of Buddha is as per the verse only. But they could have avoided certain symbols that go along with certain castes. Today animal sacrifice is done by other castes only.

    (9)
    nindasi yajña-vidher ahaha śruti-jātaḿ
    sadaya-hṛdaya darśita-paśu-ghātam
    keśava dhṛta-buddha-śarīra jaya jagadīśa hare

    9) O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Buddha! All glories to You! O Buddha of compassionate heart, you decry the slaughtering of poor animals performed according to the rules of Vedic sacrifice

    The text and the translation of the last stanza of “Pralaya payodhi jale” that concludes the theme of Dasavatara is given here. The entire song with translation can be read here.
    http://kksongs.org/songs/p/pralayapayodhijale.html

    (12)
    vedān uddharate jaganti vahate bhū-golam udbibhrate
    daityaḿ dārayate baliḿ chalayate kṣatra-kṣayaḿ kurvate
    paulastyaḿ jayate halaḿ kalayate kāruṇyam ātanvate
    mlecchān mūrchayate daśakṛti-kṛte kṛṣṇāya tubhyaḿ namah

    12) O Lord Krsna, I offer my obeisances unto You, who appear in the forms of these ten incarnations. In the form of Matsya You rescue the Vedas, and as Karma You bear the Mandara Mountain on Your back. As Varaha You lift the earth with Your tusk, and in the form of Narasimha You tear open the chest of the daitya Hiranyakasipu. In the form of Vamana You trick the daitya king Bali by asking him for only three steps of land, and then You take away the whole universe from him by expanding Your steps. As Parasurama You slay all of the wicked ksatriyas, and as Ramacandra You conquer the raksasa king Ravana. In the form of Balarama You carry a plow with which You subdue the wicked and draw toward You the River Yamuna. As Lord Buddha You show compassion toward all the living beings suffering in this world and at the end of the Kali-yuga You appear as Kalki to bewilder the mlecchas [degraded low-class men].

  2. Santa Says:

    My Dear Friend,

    There is nothing missing in the “Dasaavataar” written by Jayadeva. In fact Mahaprabhu Jagannath has completed the last stanza of the stotra himself.
    So it is the ultimate truth.

    You need some clarifications dear-

    As the dasaavataara stotras revolve around Jagannath(Krishna), in dasaavataara krishna avataara is depicted by “balarama”. Balarama is a form of lord Jagannath(Krishna) himself.If you want to know how you will have to dive deep into scriptures.

    But in reality Buddha is lord Jagannath’s 9th avataar.

    So please read and find out the truth first.

    Lord Jagannath is ultimate and no knowledge is beyond him.

  3. vedaprakash Says:

    I thank both of you for pointing out my mistake.

    In the forum mentioned below, Sri. Sarangarajan Muralidharan has pointed out as follows:
    ————————————————-
    Flag this message
    Re: [hc] Krishna is missing in Dasavatara, replaced by Buddha!
    Friday, August 7, 2009 5:55 PM
    From:
    “Sarangarajan Muralidharan”
    Add sender to Contacts
    To:
    hinducivilization@yahoogroups.com

    Dear Sir,
    Please go through the following link:
    http://www.guruvayu rappantemple. org/pdfs/ Dashavatara_ Stotra_Sanskrit. pdf

    There is nothing malicious or there has een no replacement by Buddha. Krishna is never ascribed to as an avatara by Jayadeva. The reason for not having Krishna is because He is Lord Himself.

    Keshava-Dhrutha Dasha Vidha Roopa…

    Hope that helps.
    ———————————————————————

    For the above, I have acknowledged as follows:

    Re: [hc] Krishna is missing in Dasavatara, replaced by Buddha!
    Friday, August 7, 2009 6:12 PM
    From:
    “Vedaprakash Vedaprakash”
    View contact details
    To:
    hinducivilization@yahoogroups.com

    Really?

    Then, such aspect has to be analyzed critically.

    I have gone through the referred article and it is very nice:

    There, the following points are noted:

    1. He (Jayadeva) was a mystic and a devotee of Sri Krishna.

    2. Jayadeva’s only known work, Gita Govindam, embodies the great wealth of his devotion and mystical experience. Then to whom such devotion and mystical experience could go?

    3. The theme of it is the love of Radha and Krishna, symbolizing the longing and striving of the individual, for communion with God, culminating in their blissful union.- Then, who is the God? How he is different from Krishna?

    4. We must note that to Jayadeva and all the Vaishnavas, Sri Krishna is not an incarnation; He is Lord Himself. Therefore Krishna is addressed here as Hari and Keshava in each stanza. He is the Entity who appeared in these ten forms – so this gives the answer!

    I have forgotten to post here.

    I thank all of you once again.

  4. vehetePen Says:

    Amazing… very great theme. I am going to blog about it likewise!

  5. Kishore Says:

    Dear Vedaprakash,

    I was reading text on Srimad Bhagavatam yesterday and have some thoughts about why Buddha and why not Sri Krishna himself. Jayadeva’s Geeta Govindam is largely based on Srimad Bhagavatam. According to the latter, the lord has taken as many as 24 incarnations with Kalki the one remaining. Srimad Bhagavatam says Krishna is the lord himself and all the others are incarnations (slightly different from the traditional thinking of Krishna is an avatar of Lord Vishnu – Again it is subjected to one’s own interpretation and you can say, as all of us think, Vishnu is not different from Krishna or vice-versa). A few of these avataras listed in Bhagavatham are Kapila, Hari (Gajendra Moksham) and Lord Buddha. Bhagavatam says that Lord Buddha will be born during the initial period of kali yuga and lord Kalki to end the kali yuga – and this matches with all our belief and history. Since, Jayadeva thought Krishna as the Supreme lord as he talks about Him and His sportive actions alone in Geeta Govindam, he listed Buddha as one avatar of Lord Krishna. Likewise, any one can pickup any ten avatars and form his own Dasavatara – for, all are going to represent One and the Only One Supreme Lord!

    Best Regards,
    V.Kishore

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